Always Check Your Brakes
Approach the vehicle: No leaks or anything hanging loose.
Tug Test: Apply parking brake (yellow valve), gently try to move forward; make sure brakes hold. Do same with trailer (red valve).
Service Brakes: Pull forward and apply brakes firmly. Report unusual pulling or delayed stopping action.
Air Compressor: Correct cut out between 120 -135psi. Cut in between 20-25psi below cut out pressure.
Air Leakage Rate: Air system fully charged, brake valves in, key on, apply brake pedal. After initial drop, pressure loss no more than 4psi in 1min.
Low Pressure Alarm/Signal/Spring Brakes: Pump down brakes; signal comes on when pressure goes below 60psi. Valves pop out (spring brakes apply) 20-40psi.
Air Pressure Build: Engine 1000rpm; pressure builds to 85-100psi within 3 min.
Hoses/Couplings: No cracks, chafes, or leaks.
Slack Adjusters: No broken, loose, or missing parts. Angle between push rod and adjuster arm slightly past 90 degrees with brakes released (also when pulled by hand no more than 1” of movement). Not less than 90 degrees when brakes are applied.
Brake Chambers: No leaks, cracks, or dents. Securely mounted.
Brake Drums: No cracks, dents, or holes. No loose or missing bolts. Lining shouldn’t be rusting.
Air/Electrical Lines: No audible leaks. No cuts, chafing, rubbing, tangled, pinched, or showing of inner lining. Glad-hands/Pigtail firmly seated in place.
Air Tanks: Free of moisture and debris.
Check Brake Lights: Weight on, or stick between Brake pedal and seat; brake pedal is depressed. Visually check back of equipment; brake lights are ON.
Take the Pledge to Wear Your Seat Belt
I will wear my safety belt because my wellbeing greatly affects my family and loved ones. It is my responsibility to maintain control of my vehicle. Using my safety belt is my best chance of remaining in control of my truck in a crash or emergency situation. I will always remember to buckle up.
An Ounce of Prevention
A determined thief will find a way to relieve you of your cargo despite your best efforts, but you can lessen the risk by making them work for their prize. Experts say there are enough easy pickin's out there, but thieves will generally leave the protected trucks alone.
Never discuss what youare hauling,where you picked it up, or where you are going with anyone. Do not talk about it over the CB, at the truck stop, rest area etc.
Padlocks trailer doors if possible.
Be certain to park in safe, populated, well lit locations.
Park with your trailer backed against a fence, building or another Super Service vehicle whenever possible.
Park where you can always maintain sight of your equipment.
Lock your doors, take your keys and minimize your time away from the tractor.
Never disconnect from your loaded trailer.
If driving team, one person should stay with the truck at all times.
Maintain regular communication with your dispatcher.
Be aware of vehicles following your truck. Thieves will often use several vehicles to box in a truck at a stop light, and hijack a load.
Be suspicious of individuals asking you to stop, claiming you hit their car. If unsure whether an accident occurred, drive to a police station or a well-lit, busy location before stopping.
Whenever possible, limit the number of stops, and avoid stopping at the same location each time.
Get as far as possible from the shipper before you stop for a break.
Keep your tractor windows rolled up until you are on the open road.
Report thefts immediately; call 911and dispatch!
Crooks will keep grabbing freight that's
left for the picking until you do something to stop it.
BEWARE OF SLIDERS
There is a new kind of theft happening at fuel stops around the US.
It's a crime of opportunity and distraction.
Sliders are mostly purse thieves. They watch for a persons filling up the gas tank of their vehicle. They pull into the station, as if getting gas themselves. Then, a slider will open the door (or reach in the open window) of the adjacent vehicle and snatch the purse or any other valuables in the front seat, and drive off while the driver is still busy on the other side of the car pumping gas.
It's 'sliding' because they're sliding below the eye level of the door.
They're not looking for a confrontation. They just want your property because they know that it's left abandoned and you're not paying attention.
Crooks hit all parts of town, watching for persons who leave their belongings on the passenger seat, doors unlocked and are distracted. Police say what these crooks are really looking for is a common mistake. And that's thinking, "I'm standing next to my vehicle, so no one would be crazy enough to try to break into it when I'm standing right here."
Take extra precautions any time you get out of your vehicle. Make it a habit to remove the keys from the ignition, roll up your windows and lock your doors when you get out of your vehicle.
- Come to a full and complete stop - wheels completely still.
- Look left. Look right. Look left again to make sure all is clear before proceeding.
- Look for pedestrians/bicyclists and wave them through until they are safely across the street before proceeding.
A recent study showed, more than a third of motorists roll through stop signs at intersections and nearly a tenth of motorists do not even slow down before the stop sign.
At intersections with marked crosswalks, one quarter of vehicles stopped in or past the crosswalks.
When only child pedestrians were present, nearly a third of motorists violated the stop signs.
At intersections where pedestrians were crossing, nearly a quarter of drivers did not come to a complete stop.
The report further states that, “Each year, stop sign violations are associated with approximately 200 fatal crashes and 17,000 non-fatal injury crashes. Children are at risk of injury when stop sign and pedestrian right-of-way laws are violated.”
Practice Safe Space Management
Guard your safety by actively creating space around your vehicle, never allowing yourself to get "boxed in." Adequate space creates time and helps you avoid collisions. Maintain at LEAST seven seconds of following distance, more if ideal conditions deteriorate. Adjust your position in traffic as necessary to avoid driving in others' blind areas. Don't allow yourself to be tailgated—adjust your speed to encourage tailgaters to pass you or change lanes.
Someone once said, “It takes 8,460 bolts to assemble an automobile, and one nut to scatter it all over the road.”
Defensive driving means assuming the worst will happen and planning how to avoid it or lessen the potential damage. Drivers who travel with this mindset generally avoid more problems and have less damage when accidents do occur.
Use your 10 hour break as it is intended – at least 8 consecutive hours in the sleeper berth getting good, quality sleep.
When you're tired, or low on energy, you have a greater risk of falling asleep at the wheel. Your number-one priority while driving is staying alert and attentive. It will help if you are well rested. Avoid eye fatigue by varying the focus of your concentration on the road rather than staring at a single point in front of you. Scanning your mirrors will also relieve eye fatigue.
To avoid becoming too tired, stop the truck, get out and stretch your legs, eat a healthy meal, or and drink some water to stay hydrated.
The key to success is trip preparation, adequate rest, avoiding distractions and taking interruptions in stride.
The posted speed limit is not a suggestion. It is the maximum speed permitted under ideal road conditions. Safe speed is dependent on traffic, weather and road conditions. It is your responsibility to obey the posted speed at all times and to reduce your speed when conditions are less than ideal.
Driving in the Rain
First and foremost: slow down and increase your following distance! It takes longer to stop or adjust in wet weather.
Try to usethe middle legal lanes and limit lane changes - water tends to pool in the outside and between lanes.
Avoid using your brakes; if possible, take your foot off the accelerator to slow down.
Do not use your engine or “jake” brake and do not use cruise control in wet or slick conditions.
Make sure your headlights are on. Not only do they help you see the road, but they'll help other drivers see you. If your vehicle has daytime running lights you still should put them on, so vehicles behind you can see you better. It is critical to make sure you can see and be seen. Company policy states you should have your lights on when operating your vehicle even in good conditions.
As part of your daily pre-trip inspection check your wipers. Replace old or brittle wipers before it starts to rain.
Never drive beyond the limits of visibility. At night rainy roads become especially treacherous. The glare of oncoming lights, amplified by the rain on your windshield, can cause temporary loss of visibility while substantially increasing driver fatigue.
If possible, stay off the road during heavy thunderstorms. Large flashes of lightning can temporarily blind and disorient drivers, and the accompanying high winds and heavy rain can create deadly driving conditions.