May is Motorcycle Safety Awareness Month
Spring time’s warm sunny days tend to put more motorcycles on the road than usual, and unfortunately, there are more accidents involving motorcycles during the spring.
In 2012, motorcyclists accounted for 15 percent of all traffic fatalities, 18 percent of all occupant (driver and passenger) fatalities, and 4 percent of all occupants injured. Of the 4,957 motorcyclists killed in traffic crashes, 93 percent (4,625) were riders and 7 percent (332) were passengers.
On average, three motorcyclists are killed every day in the U.S. as a result of multi-vehicle crashes at intersections.
In 2012, 2,624 of all motorcycles (52%) involved in fatal crashes collided with another type of motor vehicle in transport. In two-vehicle crashes, 75 percent of the motorcycles involved in motor vehicle traffic crashes collided with the vehicles in the front of them. Only 7 percent were struck in the rear.
Cyclist should obey the traffic laws, wear safe bright clothing, use their brakes when stopping (don’t just throttle down), try to stay out of other motorist’s blind spots, and wear a helmet.
Other motorists need to remember that motorcycles are smaller, more maneuverable and harder to spot. Larger vehicles hide their presence, making them seem to appear from nowhere.
Treat motorcycles with the same respect as other motor vehicles.
Be especially watchful when changing lanes. Motorcycles are easily lost in a vehicle’s blind spot.
Road hazards affect motorcycles much more than large vehicles. Be aware they may have to make sudden adjustments to avoid common hazards.
What to do Following a DOT Inspection
When a driver receives a Driver/Vehicle Examination Report (aka a DOT Inspection), per federal regulation Part 396(1) you, the driver, needs to hand deliver or transmit copies of all the documents received at the time of the inspection to the motor carrier within 24hrs.
The easiest way to turn in copies of the documentation is to send it via TransFlo. Send a message to your DM immediately after you are inspected. Send the TransFlo as soon as possible & another message with the TransFlo Confirmation #. You may also fax the documents to 404-795-0887.
Whenever there is any defect, you must send a Macro 14 immediately following the inspection to the Breakdown Department; work with them and your DM to get all the items fixed. Trailers w/ defects are not to be dropped at a customer facility without permission from the breakdown dept; tractors cannot be dispatched on another load until all defects are fixed. If any mechanical defects are listed on the report they must be repaired. Out of Service items need to be fixed usually at the place of inspection. All other defects must be repaired before the equipment can be dispatched on another load.
If you make the repairs, send a message over the Qualcomm noting exactly what you did to repair the item. If parts were purchased, copies of receipts should be included with the Inspection.
One more reminder: The time you are being inspected must be logged as On Duty. If you are placed Out of Service, waiting for repairs at the DOT Station or on the side of the road, you must log the time as On Duty (unless you have documented permission from the DOT Officer).
International Roadcheck, now in its 28th year, is the largest targeted enforcement program on commercial motor vehicles in the world, with nearly 17 trucks or buses inspected, on average, every minute across North America during a 72-hour period in early June. Each year, approximately 10,000 CVSA-certified local, state, provincial and federal inspectors in every jurisdiction across North America perform the truck and bus inspections.
International Roadcheck is an annual three-day event when CVSA-certified inspectors conduct compliance, enforcement and educational initiatives targeted at various elements of motor carrier, vehicle, driver and cargo safety and security.
Since its inception in 1988, roadside inspections conducted during Roadcheck have numbered over 1.4 million, resulting in more than 318 lives saved and 5,840 injuries avoided. It also provides an opportunity to educate industry and the general public about the importance of safe commercial vehicle operations and the roadside inspection program.
The Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance (CVSA) sponsors International Roadcheck with participation by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators, Transport Canada and the Secretariat of Communications and Transportation (Mexico).
International Roadcheck 2015 will take place on June 2-4, 2015.
Drums and Slack Adjusters
1.Make sure each drum has no grease or oil on it.
2.Make sure there are no cracks, dents, or holes that exceed 1/2 inch.
1.On the steer axle, the push rod and slack adjuster should be slightly over 90 degrees.
2.For any slack adjuster, you need to give it a pull – If it pulls out more than an inch it is out of adjustment.
3.Note: The law says you cannot adjust a slack adjuster without being certified. You can, however, touch it to pull it and see if it working properly. In fact it is the most effective way to do it.
4.The pushrod and slack adjuster on each end of an axle must be the same size.
Brake Chambers, Shoes, and Linings
1.Check for audible leaks.
2.The chamber must be mounted with no visible cracks, damage, or missing parts.
3.The brake chambers on each end of an axle must be the same size.
Brake Shoes & Lining
1.Make sure there is no grease or oil on the shoes or lining.
2.Brake linings (pads) must be at least 1/4 inch thick except for steer axles equipped with a single lining brake (which must be at least 3/16 inches).
3.Note: Some brake linings have a mark to show the point when they are past acceptable wear.
4.The brake linings cannot have a crack greater than 1/16 inch.
5.Make sure that the brake lining isn’t missing a large enough portion to expose a rivet or bolt which secures the lining to the shoe.
6.Make sure the lining is not loose (1/16 inch or more play).
Brake Hose & Tubing
This applies to all air lines – The brake hose to the chamber, the Service or Supply Line from the tractor to the trailer, or brake line under your trailer that feeds the brakes on the tandem.
- The first thing you do is check for audible leaks or sounds. Any sound indicates a leak and Out of Service (OOS) Order.
- Multiple hoses and tubes should be held together with a spacer and not tape – Tape implies a repair to a hose which is an OOS.
- All hoses and tubing cannot have any damage that extends through the outer reinforcement ply. If you can see the inner tube it is an OOS but any cut, slash, or pinhole that cuts the outer lining still counts. Just because you can’t see the inner tube doesn’t mean that the damage doesn’t go through.
- There cannot be any swelling or bulging of the hoses and tubes. This indicates the inner tube is ruptured, compromising the hose the same way if the outer lining was damaged.
- Look for any damage by heat, brakes, or crimping that will restrict air flow.
- Hoses should not be in contact with other parts of the vehicle, especially those that can generate heat.
- Make sure the air line that supports the brakes on your sliding tandem are no less than 18 inches off the ground and held up by at least two springs. There should also be no foreign objects hanging from these lines.
Found along tractor railing.
The May 2015 edition of the Super Service Newletter is now available!
1. You must perform a thorough Pre-Trip inspection at the beginning of your work day before you drive/move a piece of equipment.
2. Any time you stop for a break, check tires, lug nuts, and perform a walk around inspection of your equipment before starting out again. A walk around cannot take the place of the required pre-trip.
3. Use the Super Service Pre-Trip Inspection Form as your guide. There should be a Super Service Pre-Trip Inspection Form in a plastic sleeve in your permit book. If there isn’t, ask for one.
4. If you find an item that needs attention, send a Qualcomm message #14 to Breakdown. Await their response before moving the equipment. If you move it without authorization, you have just accepted responsibility for the consequences of the move. If you feel that you are not safe or legal to move to a repair facility, communicate this with breakdown so you can work together to the best solution.
5. Failure to perform a thorough Pre-Trip inspection that leads to a DOT violation, DOT Out-Of-Service order, accident, or over-the road maintenance expense can result in disciplinary action, up to and including termination.
A Pre-Trip starts with the approach.
1. Don’t drive the truck where it doesn’t belong. Keeping the truck away from areas where it does not belong is the first step in avoiding accidents. Be observant of truck routes - keeping on them can keep you safe.
2. Accidents are to be avoided and minimized as much as reasonably possible, but not to the extent that in attempting to avoid an accident, more damage occurs. For instance, if you make an abrupt lane change to avoid a vehicle that is merging, and in the process hit another vehicle, this is a preventable accident.
3. Swerving or veering is to be avoided. It often results in loss of vehicle control that ends with a rollover. Don’t swerve to avoid an animal that has run out in front of you.
4. Running off the road to avoid an accident indicates lack of control of the vehicle and is considered a preventable accident. Keep the vehicle on the roadway at all times and under your full undivided attention.
5. Use of a phone, Qualcomm unit, a computer, adjusting GPS, texting or any other activity that would distract the driver while driving is against the law and Super Service policy.
6. If you are fatigued/sleepy or too ill to drive, GET OFF THE ROAD!!!Regardless of your hours allowing you to drive, you do not belong on the road while drowsy or ill. Do not roll down the window or look to a caffeinated beverage for help - if you’re tired…getting off the road is the only answer. Send a Qualcomm message to your DM and advise that you need to stop. Communication is the key here, safety is first, but if you must stop, you must communicate with dispatch.
The Secret to Being Accident Free
Many drivers have careers with twenty, thirty, even forty or more years without ever having an accident. Ask some of our long time accident free drivers “What’s the secret?” The answers are pretty similar: “I always take my time and I’m very careful”, “I don’t take shortcuts”, ”I always get out and look before backing or hooking to a trailer”, “I make sure I always have plenty of space to allow room for the error of others and sometimes myself”.
After getting some experience, many drivers get too comfortable.They start thinking they’re good, because they can back into a dock quickly, or zig-zag through traffic without hitting anything. These are not good drivers, they are good “aimers”. There is a lot more to driving a truck than simply how well you can aim it.
Accidents do happen. But when they do, it’s because somebody made a mistake. Somebody was in a hurry, or got distracted, or they thought they were too good for anything to happen to them, or they were complacent. It’s always the result of a mistake. If it wasn’t a mistake, then that means they hit you on purpose.
So ask yourself, is it really a secret? Can you move the truck without hitting anything for one yard? Treat every yard, every block, and every mile the same way; take your time and always be very careful.