Check Your Tires
Too much or too little air pressure: always use your heavy duty tire guage. Do not rely on “thumping.”
Wear: You need at least 4/32 inch tread depth in each major groove on front tires. You need 2/32 inch on other tires.
No fabric should show through the tread or sidewall.
Cuts or other damage.
Dual tires that come in contact with each other or parts of the vehicle.
Cut or cracked valve stems.
Report any issues to breakdown.
What Does Yellow Mean to You?
Ask a non-professional driver what the yellow light means, and you generally get the same answer. “Speed up”. Actually, it means quite the opposite. The yellow light is a cautionary light telling the driver to “prepare to stop”. Often the excuse given is they sped up in order to make the light, but the judge says no, because it means to slow down. Some people just ask for tickets. When the light turns from green to yellow, you should be preparing to stop. If it turns yellow when your vehicle is just feet from the light, the wise thing is to go ahead and proceed through the intersection, but if the light turns yellow way before you reach the light, then go ahead and stop.
Professional drivers look far enough ahead to anticipate a “stale” green light changing and will prepare to stop well in advance.
A stop sign is a red, octagonal-shaped sign that tells the driver to come to a complete stop before proceeding. The driver should stop just in front of the sign or pedestrian crossing, count to three, and make sure that no one is coming before proceeding. Many drivers believe that they don’t have to stop unless someone is coming. Many slow down and roll through the stop sign without coming to a complete stop. Not coming to a complete stop is a ticketable offense. FYI: A commercial truck should stop 15ft before the pedestrian walkway line at a stop sign or a red light. Stopping past the line is also a ticketable offense. Remember, you MUST come to a COMPLETE stop at a stop sign before proceeding.
SUGGESTED SPEED SIGN – Not if you’re in a CMV!
Why there is a yellow sign that says “40mph” when the speed limit is 60mph? This is a suggested speed limit, usually seen before curves in the road or places where the drivers view might be limited. This means that yes(in a car), you are allowed to drive the 60mph, but the road changes a little and it is suggested that you slow down to the speed on the sign. If you don’t know what’s waiting for you around the curve, it iswise to slow down. A Commercial Vehicle and high profile vehicles such as a Jeep don’t do well when rounding corners, so don’t just consider it a suggestion, slow down when you see the suggested speed sign.
WHO HAS TO STOP FOR THE SCHOOL BUS?
On streets where traffic moves in both directions, then drivers moving in both directions must stop for the bus. This includes streets with a single lane in either direction or multi-lane streets with no median. If the street is six or eight lanes across, then the cars in all lanes have to stop for the bus.
On divided streets WITH a median, only the drivers moving in the same direction as the bus have to stop. Drivers on the other side of the median may continue on, unless they are intending to turn left in front of the bus. Those drivers have to wait for the bus to move on before turning.
Wear your Seatbelt
Not wearing your seatbelt doesn’t cause accidents, but they do prevent serious injury and death, not to mention the fact that it is the law.
Seatbelts may be a little uncomfortable and might wrinkle your clothes a tad, or rub against you, but look at the alternative…..It’s more comfortable than wearing a body cast -- or a body bag.
Posted in Safety
The speed limit is the speed limit when conditions allow.
If the metal sign by the side of the road says Speed Limit 45 MPH, that means that 45 is the safest maximum speed when the driving conditions are perfect: during daylight hours, when the traffic is light, and when the weather is good.
Conditions aren't perfect most of the time.
At night, slow down below the posted speed limit because visibility is reduced. Any condition that limits visibility — such as darkness, fog, curves or hills that obscure the road — makes it harder to see oncoming danger.
When traffic is heavy, slow down below the posted speed limit because the dangers of collision are increased.More cars on the road mean more sources of possible danger.
When the weather isn't good, slow down below the posted speed limit, and increase your following distance, because your vehicle will be harder to control. Less control while steering, and less control when stopping.
The risk of getting pulled over and ticketed is relatively minor when compared to the dangers of driving faster than conditions allow. The effect high speed driving has on force of impact can be fatal.
A 100 lb object moving at 30mph will hit a stationary object with 3000 lbs of force. At 60mph it becomes 12,100 lbs of force!
Always Maintain a Safe Following Distance
Good Weather-During daylight with good, dry roads and low traffic volume, you can ensure you're a safe distance from the vehicle ahead of you by following the "7 second rule." To determine the right following distance, first select a fixed object on the road ahead such as a sign, tree or overpass. When the vehicle ahead of you passes the object, slowly count "one one thousand, two one thousand, three one thousand." If you reach the object before completing the count to seven, you're following too closely. Making sure there are seven seconds gives you time and distance to respond to problems in the lane ahead of you.
Inclement Weather, Heavy Traffic, or Night-Time Driving-In heavy traffic, at night, or when weather conditions are not ideal (eg. light rain, light fog, light snow), double the 7 second rule to 14 seconds, for added safety.
When you must back up remember:
Look at Your Path –GOAL(Get Out And Look).
Look at your line of travel before you begin. Get out and walk to the area you need to back into and around the vehicle. Check your clearance on the ground, to the sides, and overhead, in and near the path your vehicle.
Roll down your windows.
Put on your four-ways and tap your horn to signal your intentions.
Use Mirrors on Both Sides.
Check the outside mirrors on both sides frequently. Get out of the vehicle and re-inspect your path if you are unsure.
This will let you make corrections before you get too far off course. As soon as you see the trailer getting off the proper path, correct it by turning the top of the steering wheel in the direction of the drift.
When backing a trailer, make pull-ups to re-position your vehicle as needed.
Safety should always be a top priority in backing, and the little time that it takes to GOAL is worth it.
RAILROAD CROSSING SAFETY
When you see the railway crossing sign, slow down, be ready to stop and remember:
Look both ways, even if there is no stop sign or signal that a train is coming.
If there is a stop sign at the crossing, you must stop. If a train is coming, you must stop at least 15 feet from the tracks.
Even if there is no stop signal and no train is coming, passenger buses and trucks carrying flammable or dangerous materials must stop.
Do not shift gears while crossing the tracks.
If you are stopped at a crossing where there is more than one set of tracks, wait until you have a clear view in both directions before you start across.
Trains cannot stop in time to miss vehicles.
It is difficult to accurately judge the speed of a moving train.
A crossbuck sign indicates the location of a train crossing and means you must yield to trains.
If a gate is lowered, you may not proceed around it even if no train is visible.
If the signal lights are flashing, you must stop.
If you get stuck on the tracks, leave your vehicle immediately and notify the local law enforcement or railroad authorities.
Never park your vehicle within 50 feet of the nearest rail of a railroad.